Kids love to know ‘clever tricks’ to help them with their learning … here are some quick and easy ways to add a bit of magic to their reading practice and make reading a little more fun.
An area that causes lots of confusion is long vowels, because they appear in two letter combinations, such as ‘brain’ and ‘coach.’ Which sound do you read first?
I have found it easiest to teach a rule (or ‘trick’), then practice it in single words. This way, you can systematically clear up the obstacles in your child’s reading pathway.
two vowels walking
There is a rule of thumb to teach them that gives your child a general approach.
“When two vowels go out walking, the first one does the talking and it says its own name.”
Help your child remember the rule by creating a story around the two vowels – perhaps that the first one is like the older brother taking the younger one for a walk and it speaks for them both, or that they are introducing themselves to others they meet on their walk and the first vowel does all the talking.
Here are some examples of those words:
Build up lists of words that have the same spelling so that your child can see how often the rule applies
magic E words
This is another set of words that often cause confusion. Words like late, wine, note and huge are also long vowel words and they are following what’s often called the Magic E rule: when a word ends in ‘e’, it changes the first vowel so it says its own name. It’s easier to see it when you look at examples:
mat – mate
rid – ride
not – note
cut – cute
If only that’s all there was to it! In fact there are actually seven different long vowel sounds (ai, ee, ie, oa, ue, ou, oi) and often there are several letter combinations to make those sounds.
All of these exceptions could get overwhelming, so it’s best to take one category pattern at a time, and gradually your child will come to see the underlying pattern.The easiest way to make sure your child has a way to approach these words is to focus on the five long vowel sounds first. Remember that when ‘y’ is in the middle or at the end of a word, it acts like an ‘e’ or ‘i’ sound. Once again, it’s easier to understand when you see it in examples, such as cycle, gym, mummy.